The eyes are often described as the windows to the soul and are usually one of the first areas that show visible signs of ageing and photodamage, as a result of repetitive facial expressions along with intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The anatomy of the eye area contributes to this process with the skin around the eyes being the most delicate and thinnest on the body. Bone reabsorption changes the structure of the eyes, widening the socket and making the eyes recede.
A reduction in subcutaneous fat also contributes to periorbital hollowing and a deepening of the appearance of tear troughs. This is due to supporting fat pads in the upper part of the cheeks descending and decreasing, leading to a shadowing under the eye. Lower eyelid tissues begin to retain fluid, which often looks worse in the mornings, and skin takes on a purple hue, increasing the appearance of dark circles. Shadowing and darkness under the eye can also be attributed to photodamage from UVA rays, and presents as pigmentation.
A reduction in collagen and elastin synthesis results in crepey skin, fine lines and wrinkles. The Obagi ELASTIderm system is formulated to address these issues, a face-to-face consultation is required to assess clinical need.